Rule 5 – Section 1 – DEAD BALL

Rule 5 – Section 1 – DEAD BALL

5-1-1   Ball becomes dead immediately when:

  1. a pitch touches a batter or his clothing (8-1-1d), a runner (8-3-1a);
    1. The ball becomes dead even though the batter strikes at it (8-1-1d).
  2. the ball is illegally batted (7-3-2 and 7-4-1a) or is intentionally struck a second time with the bat as in 8-4-1a;
  3. the batter enters the batter’s box with an illegal bat;
  4. a foul ball (2-16-1):
    1. touches any object other than the ground or any person other than a fielder; or
    2. goes directly from the bat to the catcher’s protector, mask or person without first touching the catcher’s glove or hand;
    3. or becomes an uncaught foul; or
  5. there is interference by a runner, batter-runner (8-4-1g), or a retired runner (3-3-1n, 8-4-1a, h or 8-4-2b, e, f, g or k), the batter (7-3-5), or by any person (3-2-3);
  6. a fair batted ball:
    1. touches a runner or an umpire before touching any fielder and before passing any fielder other than the pitcher,
    2. touches a runner after passing through or by an infielder and another infielder could have made a play on the ball,
    3. touches a spectator,
    4. goes over or through or wedges in the field fence, or
    5. lodges in players equipment or uniform; or
  7. a pitch or any other thrown ball:
    1. is touched by a spectator;
    2. is intentionally touched by a non-participating squad member;
    3. goes into a stand or other dead-ball area or players’ bench (even if it rebounds to the field), or over or through or wedges in the field fence (8-3-3c or d);
    4. lodges in an umpire’s, catcher’s or offensive player’s equipment or uniform; or
  8. the umpire handles a live ball or calls “Time” for inspecting the ball or for any other reason, including items in Section 2 or gives the “Do Not Pitch Signal” or inadvertently announces “Foul” on a ball that touches the ground; or
  9. a fielder, after catching a fair or foul ball (fly or line drive), leaves the field of play by stepping with both feet or by falling into a bench, dugout, stand, bleacher, or over any boundary or barrier such as a fence, rope, chalk line, or a pregame determined imaginary boundary line; or
  10. an infielder intentionally drops a fair fly, fair line drive or fair bunt in flight with at least first base occupied and with less than two outs.
    EXCEPTION: Infield-fly rule (2-19).
  11. a balk or an illegal pitch is committed; or
  12. a batted, thrown or pitched ball touches a designated media area or anyone or anything that is entirely or partially in the designated media area.
    1. The umpire has the authority to remove any member of the media for not staying in or keeping their equipment in the designated dead ball area.
  13. when malicious contact (offensive or defensive) occurs;
  14. Backswing interference occurs.

5-1-2   It is a delayed dead ball when:

  1. there is interference by a batter (Exception 7-3-5 Penalty),
    1. When the batter interferes with the catcher attempting to play on a runner, if an out does not result at the end of the catcher’s throw, the ball shall become dead immediately.
  2. a catcher or any fielder obstructs a batter or runner; or obstructs the ball through use of detached player equipment (8-3-3);
  3. umpire interferes with the catcher who is attempting to throw;
  4. any personnel connected with the offensive team calls “Time” or uses any other command or commits any act for the purpose of trying to cause the opposing pitcher to balk;
  5. anyone who is required to wear a batting helmet deliberately removes his helmet, while the ball is in live-ball territory and the ball is live;
  6. a coach physically assists a runner (see 3-2-2); or
  7. a ball touches an illegal glove/mitt.

5-1-3   The ball becomes dead when time is taken to make an award when a catcher or any fielder obstructs a runner, when an intentional base on balls is to be awarded, or when base running penalties are imposed.

5-1-4   After a dead ball, the ball becomes live when it is held by the pitcher in a legal pitching position, provided the pitcher has engaged the pitcher’s plate, the batter and the catcher are in their respective boxes, and the umpire calls “Play” and gives the appropriate signal.

Immediate Ball Dead

Activity  Reference            Award / PenaltyReference
1.Illegal pitch (no runner)5-1-1kThe pitch is ruled a ball6-1-2, 3; Pen; 8-3-1a
2.Pitch touches batter5-1-1aBatter awarded first base except when he permits the ball to touch him or pitch is a strike8-1-1d
3.Pitch touches runner5-1-1aAll runners advance one base except when pitch is a strike for third out8-3-1a; 6-1-4
4.Illegally batted ball5-1-1bBatter is out. Runners return7-3-2; 7-4-1a; 8-2-2
5.Intentionally hitting ball second time5-1-1bBatter is out. Runners return8-4-1d; 8-2 2
6.An uncaught foul5-1-1dRunners return to bases occupied at time of pitch8-2-2
7.Interference by runner or retired runner (including malicious contact)5-1-1eInterferer is out, also batter-runner if interference prevented a double play at first base. Interferer is out and so is another runner if interference prevented a double play on the latter. Other runners return. For malicious contact the player guilty of the infraction is ejected3-3-1m; 8-2-6; 8-4-1a, h; 8-4-2g, k; 8-4-2b, f
8.Interference with fielder by runner attempting to catch foul fly ball5-1-1eRunner is out and another runner is out if interference prevented a possible double play8-4-2g
9.Interference by others connected with team5-1-1eRunner is out. Other runners return8-4-2g; 3-2-3; 8-2-6; 7-3-5
10.Fair ball over fence in flight or prevented by spectator or player’s detached equipment5-1-1fAward all runners home base8-3-3a
11.Fair ball touches a spectator5-1-1fAward or penalize according to umpire’s judgment8-3-3e
12.Fair ball bounces over, through or lodges in fence or lodges in player’s uniform or equipment5-1-1fAward all runners two bases from base occupied at time of pitch8-3-3c
13.Fair ball touches runner before it touches an infielder or after it passes any infielder except the pitcher and another fielder has a play5-1-1fHit runner is out. Batter awarded first base and credited with single. Others return to base occupied at time of interference unless forced by batter-runner8-4-2k
14.Fair batted ball touches umpire before it touches a fielder or passes any fielder except the pitcher5-1-1fRunners return to bases occupied at time of pitch unless forced by batter-runner. Batter awarded first base and credited with a single8-1-2b
15.A thrown ball, not by pitcher from plate, goes into bench, stand, through or over fence5-1-1gAward all runners two bases8-3-3c; 8-3-4
16.A pitch or ball thrown by pitcher from plate goes into stand, bench, over or through fence, backstop, or touches a spectator (in live ball area) or lodges in umpire’s or catcher’s equipment5-1-1gAward all runners one base8-3-3d
17.Umpire handles a live ball or calls time to inspect ball or for other reason, including items in 5-1 or umpire inadvertently declares “Foul” as in 2-16-1e5-1-1hRunners return to bases they had reached or passed when ball becomes dead8-2-6
18.Fair or foul ball is caught by a fielder, who then steps or falls with both feet from field of play over any boundary or barrier such as a fence, rope, chalk line or pre-game determined imaginary line or into a stand, bench or dugout5-1-1iAward all runners one base except when caught ball is third out8-3-3d
19.Infielder intentionally drops a fair fly, fair line drive or fair bunt in flight with at least first base occupied and with less than two outs5-1-1jBatter is out and all runners return to base occupied at time of pitch8-4-1c
20.Balk5-1-1kAll runners advance one base. Batter remains at bat6-2-4, 5; 8-3-1a; 8-3-4
21.Umpire gives “do not pitch signal”5-1-1hNo play can take place5-2-1
22.Award intentional base on balls5-1-3Batter awarded first base8-1-1c
23.Batter enters box with an illegal bat5-1-1cBatter is out. Coach is restricted to the dugout/bench upon first offense, then ejected after second offense7-4-1a; 1-3-5; 4-1-3b Penalty
24.Batter refuses to enter box after being warned by umpire7-3-4Strike is called7-3-1 Penalty
25.Interference by batter who hits throw from the pitcher, not in contact with pitcher’s plate when runner is advancing to home base5-1-1bWith less than two outs, the runner is out. Otherwise batter is out7-3-5 Penalty
26.A batted, thrown or pitched ball touches a designated media area or anyone or anything that is entirely or partially in the designated media area5-1-1lAward each runner the following two bases   fair batted ball or thrown ball not by pitcher in contact with the pitcher’s plate; one base   throw or pitch by pitcher8-3-3c
27.Defensive Malicious Contact5-1-1mUmpire will rule safe or out on the play and award runner(s) appropriate base(s) per his judgement8-4-2e
28.Batter contacts the catcher or his equipment prior to the time of the pitch5-1-1nThe ball is dead immediately and there is no penalty2-21-5

 

Delayed Dead Ball

Activity   Reference     Award / PenaltyReference  
1.Interference by batter when attempted put out is on runner other than at home5-1-2aWith two out, batter is out. Otherwise, if attempt on runner is unsuccessful, ball is dead, batter is out and runners return. If third strike, batter is out and umpire can call a second out7-3-5; 8-2-6; 8-4-2g
2.Interference by batter when runner is advancing to home plate (other than hitting a throw from the pitcher, not in contact with pitcher’s plate)5-1-2aRunner is out unless two are out, then batter is out. If runner is put out, ball remains alive7-3-5; 8-4-2l
3.Obstruction with batter by catcher or fielder5-1-2bIf batter and all runners attempting to steal or who are forced do not advance, award each one base8-1-1e; 8-3-1c
4.Obstruction5-1-2b; 5-1-3If obstructed runner and all other runners hindered by the obstruction do not reach bases they otherwise would have reached, award runner or runners such bases8-3-2
5.Intentionally touching batted ball with detached player equipment over fair ground, or over foul ground which might become fair ball5-1-2bAward batter-runner and runners three bases if not made8-3-3b
6.Intentionally touching thrown ball (including a pitch) with detached player equipment5-1-2bAward runners two bases if not made8-3-3c
7.Offensive team personnel calls “Time” or uses any other command or commits an act for the purpose of trying to cause opposing pitcher to balk5-1-2dNo runners allowed to advance. Eject offender from the game3-3-1n
8.Interference with catcher by umpire5-1-2cIf runner is not put out, runners return8-3-5
9.Deliberately removing batting helmet in live ball territory while ball is alive5-1-2eTeam warning. Subsequent players on that team to violate rule are ejected1-1-5, 1-5-1
10.A coach physically assists a runner5-1-2fInvolved batter-runner or runner is out. Outs on play stand. Other runners return to bases occupied at time of infraction3-2-2
11.Use of illegal glove/mitt5-1-2gAward four bases for home run over fence, three bases for other fair batted ball, two bases for thrown or pitched ball8-3-3a, b, c
October 6, 2019
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